Jem-Jem

Synonyms: 
Black Highland Cattle
Subgroup: 
Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu
Special Characteristics: 
Well adapted to the wet and cold climate of the highlands at altitudes as high as 2500 m; small body size with slender legs; coat colour is mainly solid black (hence the name Black Highland Zebu) and patches of white on black background.
Main Location: 
Inhabits the highlands of Jem-Jem, Sidamo and Bale in southern Ethiopia.
Origin: 
The Small East African Zebu are believed to have descended from the recent introductions of zebu into Africa from Asia, and some may have ancestral linkages with cattle of the Large East African Zebu group. The breeds or strains that belong to the Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu group have tribal and ecological origins, which do not necessarily imply genetic differences. Distinct from cattle of the large zebu of East Africa, the small Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu inhabits the higher altitude, wetter agricultural areas, and hence they are also referred to as Ethiopian Highland Zebu. The Jem Jem is one of this in the highlands of southern Ethiopia, in particular the Jem Jem, Sidamo and Bale highlands (Rege and Tawah, 1999).
Species: