Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu
Coat colour is mainly black, but other colours and combinations (red, roan, black-and-white) are not uncommon; horns are short to moderate in length; they are mainly used for draught, and milk yield is quite low (Rege and Tawah, 1999).
Occupy the highlands of southern Gondar (Gayint, Smada) and the area to the north up to Mount Guna; they are also found in adjoining areas of northern Wollo.
The Small East African Zebu are believed to have descended from the recent introductions of zebu into Africa from Asia, and some may have ancestral linkages with cattle of the Large East African Zebu group. The breeds or strains that belong to the Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu group have tribal and ecological origins, which do not necessarily imply genetic differences. Distinct from cattle of the large zebu of East Africa, the small Abyssinian Shorthorned Zebu inhabits the higher altitude, wetter agricultural areas, and hence they are also referred to as Ethiopian Highland Zebu. The Smada cattle are found in the highlands of northern Ethiopia, in the area of Gayint, Smada and northwards up to Mount Guna (Rege and Tawah, 1999).