Adal, Assaorta, Denakil, Abyssinian short-eared
Ethiopian Rift Valley Family
Relatively small body size (60-65 cm height) and leggy; small head with concave facial profile and narrow muzzle; prick ears; long thin, upward-pointing horns in both sexes; variable coat colour but usually with patchy pattern; the coat hair is short and very fine (FARM-Africa, 1996).
Maintained almost exclusively by the nomadic Afar ethnic group in Eritrea, Ethiopia and Djibouti; the climate is arid to semi-arid with the area around the Denakil depression being desert; the management systems are nomadic and transhumant pastoral (Wilson, 1991; FARM-Africa, 1996).
As for other goat types inhabiting the Rift Valley area, the Afar goat is believed to have originated from ancient importations of goats from North Yemen and Saudi Arabia (FARM-Africa, 1996).